Types of Hash: Your Guide to the Different KindsHigh Glower
You can make various types of hash from simple procedures that need friction or other complex systems that require extraction equipment, heat, and pressure.
Regardless of the process, the hash is a highly potent form of marijuana beloved by many weed lovers worldwide. It is more intoxicating than weed blunts and is also stronger than most cannabis forms.
Different types of hash are differentiated by the process from which they are made. The production process will change the look of the marijuana, the smell, the taste, and the texture of the hash.
Despite coming from the same marijuana buds, the production processes infuse different properties in the weed creating a wide variety of hash types.
Some of these different types of hash can be readily and easily made in the comfort of your home, but some will require industrial-grade equipment to produce. The best kind of hash will depend on your preference.
If you are looking for higher levels of THC concentration, then industrial-grade hash types will be your choice. However, your choice will also be affected by the method of ingestion that you may prefer since not all hash is consumed the same way.
There are so many forms of cannabis concentrates today (shatter, crumble, budder, wax, and many more) that it can be confusing to know which one you want.
Therefore, we have curated a list of the various forms of hash in this article to make it easy for you to identify the hash and purchase the right one without any confusion.
We will also talk about what differentiates one hash from another and what properties they all have.
What is hash?
Hash, which is short for hashish, is a highly concentrated form of weed formed from the trichomes of the cannabis plant. Hash is the most concentrated and potent form of cannabis with high levels of THC.
Plain marijuana plant material usually has a THC level of about 10 – 20 percent, whereas hash has about 20 percent to 60 percent THC concentration depending on the type. The high levels of THC are enough to get anyone high from just one hit.
This is why it is pretty dangerous to take hash if you are not a regular smoker or just a beginner. The high potency raises the risks of negative experiences such as accidents and eventual addiction.
The female marijuana plant material produces Flowers to form the trichomes from which you can make hash. The trichomes are fine growths (tiny hair structures) that will create a sticky and thick resin if left unpollinated for long durations.
These trichomes are responsible for the weed effects, flavours, and aromas you get after consuming some form of weed. Trichomes have more THC concentration than any other part of the marijuana plant, making them the household of the cannabinoids.
The hash is made out of trichomes through mechanical means, hand through manual means, or industrial machines. As a result, the properties of hash can range from soft and pliable textures to stiff and brittle textures.
The colour may be black, brown, green, red, blonde, or yellow if quality hash. You can consume hash by smoking it through dabbing, using a vaporizer or bong, or you can roll it into a blunt and smoke it like regular marijuana.
You can also use the hash to make edibles and add them to your beverages to get an intoxicating treat.
Different types of hash from the cannabis plants
Kief is the simplest type of hash since it is not made using any complex method. All you need to get a kief is a high-grade grinder like the three-compartment or four-chamber grinder that can accumulate the kief.
If you are a regular smoker, you may own a grinder that you use to grind down your marijuana flower to make blunts.
You may think that the kief is just ground marijuana, but it is not since it comes from the marijuana flower trichomes, which are fine grains that can pass through to the very bottom of the grinder.
Kief is the word used to describe accumulated trichomes that are sifted from the marijuana flower with the help of a mech or sieve, in this case, the grinder.
You can use kief by sprinkling it on top of blunts, pressing it into a concentrate, or infusing it into edibles like lollipops and candies.
You can also add the kief to tea or coffee, where the heat will activate the cannabinoids. Remember, with edibles and weed beverages; the effects can kick in after 30 – 120 minutes.
Some may think kief is a different type of hash, but they are the same since kief is referred to as hash once compressed. Once the kief is collected, you can turn it into its hash form by using parchment paper and an iron.
The idea is to fold the kief in the parchment paper neatly and then apply some form of heat on the paper to heat and compress the kief, which will turn it into its hash form.
2. Dry sift/ dry sieve hashish hash
Dry sift or dry sieve hashish is similar to kief but is regarded as a different type of hash since it is made by collecting vast amounts of kief for commercial purposes.
The extraction process for dry sift also separates the trichomes from the marijuana plant by sieving, but instead of a grinder, the method uses a metal sift screen.
Large-scale commercial producers tend to use vibratory sieves to produce large amounts of dry sift since the metal sift screen is slow and more tedious.
The metal sieves have a trichome gland size (20 to 120 microns) sieves to ensure only the trichomes can pass through. The smaller the sifting screen sizes, the purer the dry sift.
The final stage of making a dry sift is called carding. Carding in marijuana terms is a process that entails the use of a card or thin-sided object to rub the dry sift over smaller-sized screens gently.
To begin the dry sift production process at home, you will need silkscreens, a cannabis flower, a credit card, or any thin-sided object like a utility blade, and gloves to cover your hands from the messy procedure.
Start by putting the screen on a clean surface like a table or counter. Ensure the silkscreen is free of any contaminants and deposits that may hinder the process.
Next, place the cannabis flower on the silkscreen to fill the whole surface of the screen. Some trichomes may pass through at this point, so make sure the contact is evenly spread to maximize this.
Gentle agitation is essential since aggressively sifting the dry sift may cause other materials to pass onto the collection surface.
Instead, shake the screen from side to side evenly and move it up and down to make a bouncing motion that can agitate the trichomes off the flower. Do this for about 5 minutes and proceed to collect the fallen trichomes.
3. Finger hash/Hand-rubbed/ Hand-rolled hash
Finger hash (called charas in Indian terms), also known as hand-rubbed or hand-rolled hash, is infamous in India, Himalayas, Kashmir, and Nepal.
Weed lovers in these regions create this form of hash by rubbing and rolling cannabis flowers between their hands.
This process is the least efficient and most wasteful way of making marijuana hash. One the producer can only produce around ten grams of charas in a whole day.
The marijuana plants used to make finger hash have to be strong, healthy, and mature. In addition, they have to have rich green leaves or have just begun turning yellow.
The green leaves are the ones that are used in this process, whereas all the crisp, brown, burnt, and dried leaves are removed.
The process begins by gently moving your hands over the marijuana bud constantly in either direction. The goal is to ensure your hands are in contact with as much marijuana as possible.
You can do the rubbing for about 20 to 30 seconds or till you see the consistency to your liking. Hash will fill you with aromatic fragrances at this point which may intoxicate you and send you into a hypnotic rhythm.
The rubbing process will cause the fine grains to stick to your fingers. Proceed to rub your hands in a rolling motion to cluster the fine grains on your fingers into little balls.
Continue kneading the balls till they reach the consistency that you want. Let the collected finger hash rest for a couple of weeks before taking them; they will be more enjoyable.
4. Bubble hash
Bubble hash is a type of hash that is made from ice water.
It is aptly named due to its tendency to bubble when smoked. Bubble bags that contain ice water are used to produce bubble hash.
The bags are gently agitated, and the ice water proceeds to freeze the marijuana as it breaks the fine glands from the marijuana flower. The process is finished by passing the water through various sizes of sieves to sift the trichomes.
The result is a crumbly hash, with the consistency of crystallized honey, dark brown or light blonde, and bubbles when lit.
Rosin is a prevalent type of hashish due to its production method. All you would need is heat, pressure, and enough trichomes for the process to make rosin.
The process does not require any specialized machines or complex techniques. Therefore, you can make rosin easily in the comfort of your home without needing any foreign substances or additional cleaning.
You will need a hair straightener, parchment paper, filter bag, cannabis trichomes, and a collection container.
Start by placing the cannabis trichomes inside a filter bag and then place the filter bag inside a neatly folded parchment paper. Do not overfill the bag or parchment paper since this will cause a spill and ruin the entire process.
Proceed to use the hair straightener at a temperature of 82 degrees Celsius. This is the starting temperature, and you will gradually increase the heat to about 122 degrees Celsius as you watch the oil form.
Place the packed parchment paper between the blades of the hair straightener and start heating.
Use a collection container like a dabber to collect the rosin once the heating and pressurization process is done.
6. Cannabis distillates from solvent extractions
This is the most complex and extensive type of hashish since it requires industrial-grade equipment. The cannabis distillates are other hash forms made from solvent-based extractions that use volatile chemicals to dissolve the fine trichome glands from the marijuana flower.
The common solvents used in making this hash are hydrocarbons (butane, propane, hexane, e.t.c.) and carbon dioxide. An open-loop or closed-loop extraction machine is used in the case of hydrocarbon solvent extractions.
Open-loop systems are less safe but are cheaper and more convenient for small productions. However, it is recommended to avoid open-loop systems since they have caused numerous explosions in the past.
The production process entails adding the solvent to the plant material, and then producers will apply heat and pressure to the process to help dissolve the plant’s trichomes.
Finally, the remaining solvent is purged, and further cleaning is done to make the hash safe for consumption.